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October 26, 2021

LED Floodlight vs. LED Spotlight

LED floodlights and LED spotlights are two of the most popular used in a host of commercial areas. They offer high efficacy and substantial energy efficiency that makes them significantly helpful in reducing energy bills. However, many times people get confused between the two lights and tend to face difficulties in deciding which LED luminaire is better as per their needs and requirements.

A floodlight is a high-intensity light that has a broad beam spread. It can have a beam spread range from anywhere between 45 degrees to 120 degrees and is appropriate for outdoor applications. On the other hand, spotlights have a comparatively narrower beam spread which is generally less than 45 degrees. For instance, most of the spotlights have a beam angle of fewer than 25 degrees. It is more concentrated and is compatible with both indoor and outdoor spaces.     

Here are some of the major differences between the two lights:

 Illumination

 An LED floodlight provides a highly diffused and scattered illumination. It projects light in all directions and floods all the space within range with uniform illumination. Whereas, LED spotlights furnish a direct and precise concentrated effect. It cannot fill the whole commercial area with uniform illumination but can focus on defined objects without any glare.   

 Beam Angle

Beam angle can be defined as the angle or degree of width with which the LED luminaire emits or distributes light. Simply put, it is the angle formed between the two opposing points of the beam axis. It is the paramount factor that differentiates LED floodlights from LED spotlights.  As mentioned earlier, LED floodlights offer a wider and more intense spread of light as compared to LED spotlights. The high beam angle lights create a washing effect while LED spotlights create a “spot” like lighting effect. However, spotlights furnish brighter illumination than floodlights. The beam angle tends to remain inversely proportional to brightness. This means that the smaller the beam angle, the brighter the light appears.

 Application area

LED floodlights are industrial lighting solutions that are highly appropriate for large outdoor commercial spaces like shipyards, stadiums, parking lots, driveways, etc. Many-a-times, they are used as indoor lighting solutions in huge spaces like warehouses and storage facilities. On the other hand, LED spotlights are more flexible and thus, are appropriate for a variety of applications and spaces. They are suitable for small areas like exhibitions, museums, fairs, etc. that require light for highlighting various display items like status, painting, artefacts, etc.

Floodlights and spotlights, both are state-of-the-art LED lighting solutions that can fulfil all the needs and requirements of the space effectively and efficiently. However, they have distinct features and perform substantially well only when installed appropriately in the right areas.

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